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Standards Alignment

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS-LS1-5:Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

MS-LS2-1:Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms on an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-4:Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-PS1-2:Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

MS-PS1-3:Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

MS-PS1-4:Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

HS-LS2-2:Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.

HS-ETS1-1:Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.

HS-ETS1-2:Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking to down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS ESS2-5: Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions

MS ESS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment

MS ESS3-5: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century

MS-ETS1-1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions

MS-ETS1-2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem

MS-ETS1-3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be reached

MS-PS2-1: Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects

MS-PS2-5: Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact

MS-PS4-1: Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave

MS-PS4-2: Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials

Crosscutting Concepts:

Events have causes, sometimes simple, sometimes multifaceted. A major activity of science is investigating and explaining causal relationships and the mechanisms by which they are mediated. Such mechanisms can then be tested across given contexts and used to predict and explain events in new contexts.

In considering phenomena, it is critical to recognize what is relevant at different measures of size, time, and energy and to recognize how changes in scale, proportion, or quantity affect a system’s structure or performance.

Defining the system under study—specifying its boundaries and making explicit a model of that system—provides tools for understanding and testing ideas that are applicable throughout science and engineering.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS-ESS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systemic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success

MS-PS1-1:Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures

MS-PS1-2:Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred

MS-PS1-3:Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society

MS-PS1-4:Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed

MS-PS1-5:Develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved

MS-PS2-5:Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact

MS-PS4-2:Develop and use a model to describe how waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials

MS-LS1-1:Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells

MS-LS1-3:Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.

MS-LS1-5:Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS-ESS1-2:Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

MS-ESS1-3:Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system.

MS-ESS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systemic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

MS-PS2-2:Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.

MS-PS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

4-PS3-2:Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.

4-PS3-4:Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

3-5 ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

ETS1.A:Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems - Possible solutions to a problem are limited by available materials and resources (constraints). The success of a designed solution is determined by considering the desired features of a solution (criteria). Different proposals for solutions can be compared on the basis of how well each one meets the specified criteria for success or how well each takes the constraints into account.

ETS1.B:Developing Possible Solutions - Research on a problem should be carried out—for example, through Internet searches, market research, or field observations—before beginning to design a solution. An often productive way to generate ideas is for people to work together to brainstorm, test, and refine possible solutions. Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions. Tests are often designed to identify failure points or difficulties, which suggest the elements of the design that need to be improved. At whatever stage, communicating with peers about proposed solutions is an important part of the design process, and shared ideas can lead to improved designs.

MS – ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:

  1. Patterns
  2. Cause and Effect: Mechanism and Explanation
  3. Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
  4. Systems and System Models
  5. Energy and Matter: Flows, Cycles, and Conservation
  6. Structure and Function
  7. Stability and Change

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

MS.LS1-8:Gather and synthesize information that sensory receptors respond to stimuli by sending messages to the brain for immediate behavior or storage as memories.

MS-PS4 Waves and their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

MS.PS4.C:Digitized signals (sent as wave pulses) are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information. (MS-PS4-3) Integrate qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information than analog signals.

PS-Physical Science, MS-PS2 Motion and Stability:Forces and Interactions

MS.PS2.B:Electric and magnetic (electromagnetic) forces can be attractive or repulsive, and their sizes depend on the magnitudes of the charges, currents, or magnetic strengths involved and on the distances between the interacting objects. (MS-PS2-3) Ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces.

HS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

HS-LS1.A:All cells contain genetic information in the form of DNA molecules. Genes are regions in the DNA that contain the instructions that code for the formation of proteins, which carry out most of the work of cells. (HS-LS-1) Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.

4-PS3 Energy

4PS3-4:Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

4-ESS2-2:Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.

5-ESS3-1:Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.

5-ESS2-2:Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

MS-ESS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.

3-5-ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

3-5-ETS1-2:Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3-5-ETS-3:Plan and carry out fair tests in which variable are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

3-LS3-2:Use evidence to support the explanation that traits can be influenced by the environment.

3-LS4:Make a claim about the merit of a solution to a problem by citing relevant evidence about how it meets the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-LS1-2:Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways the parts of cells contribute to the function.

MS-LS1-4:Use argument based on empirical evidence and as scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

MS-LS2-2:Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-LS2-4:Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

4-PS-4-3:Generate and compare multiple solutions that use patterns to transfer information.

5-PS1-3:Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.

MS-PS1-3:Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

4-PS3-1:Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.

4-PS3-4:Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.

5-PS2-1:Support an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down.

3-5-ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

3-5-ETS1-2:Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3-5-ETS1-3:Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

MS-PS2-2:Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.

MS-PS3-2:Develop a model to describe that when the arrangement of objects interacting at a distance changes, different amounts of potential energy are stored in the system.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

4-PS3-2:Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sounds, light, heat, and electrical currents.

5-PS1-1:Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.

5-PS1-3:Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.

5-PS1-4:Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.

3-5-ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

3-5-ETS1-2:Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3-5-ETS1-3:Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

MS-PS1-1:Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.

MS-PS1-2:Analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

MS-PS1-3:Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

MS-ETS1.A:The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that are likely to limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.B:A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem. Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors. Models of all kinds are important for testing solutions.

MS-ETS1.C:Although one design may not perform the best across all tests, identifying the characteristics of the design that performed the best in each test can provide useful information for the redesign process – that is, some of those characteristics may be incorporated into the new design. The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process so that an optimal design can be achieved.

MS-ESS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.

MS-ESS3.C:Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

MS-LS1.A:Within cells, special structures are responsible for particular functions, and the cell membrane forms the boundary that controls what enters and leaves the cell.

MS-LS1.C:Plants, algae, and many microorganisms use the energy from light to make sugars from carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and water through the process of photosynthesis, which also releases oxygen. These sugars can be used immediately or stored for growth or later use. Within individual organisms, food moves through a series of chemical reactions in which it is broken down and rearranged to form new molecules, to support growth, or to release energy.

MS-LS2-1:Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-4:Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-LS1-5:Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

MS-LS2-5:Evaluate competing design solutions for maintain biodiversity and ecosystem services.

MS-LS3.B:Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring.

MS-LS4.B:In sexually reproducing organisms, each parent contributes half of the genes acquired (at random) by the offspring. Individuals have two of each chromosome and hence two alleles of each gene, one acquired from each parent. These versions may be identical or may differ from each other.

MS-LS4-6:Use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.

MS-LS4-5:Gather and synthesize information about the technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms.

Crosscutting Concepts:

  1. Patterns
  2. Cause and Effect: Mechanism and Explanation
  3. Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
  4. Systems and System Models
  5. Energy and Matter: Flows, Cycles, and Conservation
  6. Structure and Function
  7. Stability and Change

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

4-ESS2-1:Make observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation.

4-ESS2-2:Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.

4-ESS3-1:Obtain and combine information to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and that their uses affect the environment.

4-ESS3-2:Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.

4-LS1-1:Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction.

5-ESS2-1:Develop a model using an example to describe ways in which the geosphere biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.

5-ESS3-1:Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.

5-LS1-1:Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water.

5-LS2-1:Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment

5-PSI-2:Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved.

3-5-ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

3-5-ETS1-2:Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3-5ETS1-3:Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

MS-ESS3-1:Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.

MS-ESS3-2:Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

MS-ESS3-3:Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.

MS-ESS3-4:Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.

MS-ESS3-5:Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.

MS-LS1-1:Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

MS-LS1-2:Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways the parts of cells contribute to the function.

MS-LS1-3:Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting sub-systems composed of groups of cells.

MS-LS1-5:Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

MS-LS2-1:Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-2:Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-LS2-3:Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and non-living parts of an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-5:Evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services.

MS-LS2-4:Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-PS1-3:Gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

MS-ETS1-1:Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2:Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

Print Standards Alignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

3-5-ETS1-1:Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

3-5-ETS1-2:Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

3-5-ETS1-3:Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.

MS-ETS1-3:Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

MS-ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

HS-LS1-1:Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.

HS-LS1-2:Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms.